Chapter xxxxxx INTRODUCTION AND BASIC CONCEPTS
Thermodynamics xxxxxx-xxxxxxC Classical thermodynamics is based on experimental observations whereas statistical thermodynamics is based on the average behavior of large groups of particles. xxxxxx-2C On a downhill road the potential energy of the bicyclist is being converted to kinetic energy, and thus the bicyclist picks up speed. There is no creation of energy, and thus no violation of the conservation of energy principle. xxxxxx-3C There is no truth to his claim. It violates the second law of thermodynamics. xxxxxx-4C A car going uphill without the engine running would increase the energy of the car, and thus it would be a violation of the first law of thermodynamics. Therefore, this cannot happen. Using a level meter (a device with an air bubble between two marks of a horizontal water tube) it can shown that the road that looks uphill to the eye is actually downhill.
Mass, Force, and Units xxxxxx-5C Pound-mass lbm…(생략)